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What is Climate Change?

Climate change refers to the fluctuations in weather pattern from what is known to be usual in that area. A change in the amount of rainfall that an area receives or change in the usual temperature of a city can both be described as climate change.

Climate change is different from weather change in that while the later can change in just a few hours, it takes millions of years for the later to change. Some of the major causes of drastic changes in the Earth’s climate can be attributed to the decline of greenhouse gases, ozone layer depletion and global warming.


How Does Climate Change Affects Us?

Due to the rising temperatures on Earth, and drastic changes in its climate, some disastrous consequences have taken place. The survival of various flora and fauna that the Earth has is endangered by such changes in the climate. Global warming has resulted in the polar ice caps melting, thereby resulting in an increase in the sea level of the world. This directly affects us as it is one of the major reasons behind flooding of coastal areas.

The effects of climate change can be regarded more like a chain reaction with one change leading to disastrous results. Droughts, forest fires, incessant flooding, death of entire plant and animal species, disruption of the natural food chain, and the depletion of natural resources, both economic and natural, are all consequences of climate change. And this is exactly how climate change affects us.